The prevalence of smoking in Montenegro is high, having risen especially during 2012-2017, causing numerous negative economic and health consequences that require an immediate policy response. The number of smokers in Montenegro decreased during 2000- 2012, but has since risen by 5 percentage points from 2012-2017. During this period, smoking prevalence among women has increased at rates faster than men. Total smoking prevalence among youth is also high, estimated to be at 18.7%, with a higher share of females than males. World Health Organization (WHO) research shows that without any changes in regulations, Montenegro’s adult smoking rates would rise to 52% by 2035, with the majority being adult women. This would result in a higher prevalence of smoking-related diseases and consequently increase direct health-care costs.
Increasing tobacco taxes is recommended as a part of comprehensive tobacco control policies that include clean indoor air laws, prevention of illicit trade in tobacco, bans on tobacco advertising and marketing, policies that empower graphic health warnings, public education campaigns, and support for cessation.
Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Montenegro - download here.